Truth is, high blood pressure is not a disease you can detect through symptoms. This is simply because, there are no exclusive symptoms of high blood pressure -or hypertension for that matter.

Yes, no symptoms whatsoever. At least not till the very end, where many a victim has been known to literally ‘drop dead’ due to unchecked hypertension. This is why it is called the ‘silent killer’. Unfortunately, in our clime, these occurrences are usually attributed to spiritual enemies and forces beyond our understanding or control, which makes it hard to isolate, diagnose and appropriately manage the disease.

But let’s delve deeper into this disease, why it is so prevalent, so dangerous and yet why most of its victims need not have contracted it. Yes, hypertension can indeed be avoided -even by those with the greatest risk of falling victim to it.

Classes of Hypertension:

First of all, it’s important to note that there are two classes of hypertension: Primary and Secondary hypertension.

1. Primary Hypertension

This type of hypertension shows no symptoms, hence it is called the ‘silent killer’. The only way to detect it is by constant/routine measurement of one’s blood pressure. It affects 90% of hypertension cases worldwide. It also has no clear reason.

2. Secondary Hypertension

This is based on lifestyle and environmental factors. It could also be due to genetics. It manifests symptoms such as headaches, blurry vision, etc. It is called secondary hypertension because there’s an underlying cause or risk factor associated with it.

Risk Factors of Hypertension:

The risk factors include:

  • Obesity
  • Salty diet
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Tobacco intake
  • Stress
  • Alcohol
  • Old age

With the exception of old age, all the others can be improved.

The following are some health conditions that can actually cause hypertension:

    • Fibromuscular dysplasia
    • Kidney failure
    • Anything that limits blood flow to the kidney (eg, arteriosclerosis, vasculitis, aortic dissection, etc)
    • Tumor of the adrenal glands, leading to the over production of Aldosterone

Click here to find out more about blood pressure, the signs of approaching dangerous BP levels, the stages of hypertension and what to do to safeguard your health -whether or not you are in the danger zone.

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