Blood Pressure: Signs, Danger, What To Do

So, what exactly is the mark of high blood pressure? To answer that, we’ll need to explain the spectrum of blood pressure levels. Don’t worry, the terminologies are easy to understand.

NB: ‘Systole’ refers to when your heart beats, while ‘Diastole’ refers to the rest phase in between the beats. Naturally, the pressure during systole should be higher than during diastole.

BLOOD PRESSURE LEVELS (systole/diastole)

N=120/80 ::::: NORMAL

N=120-129/80 ::::: ELEVATED

N = 130-139/80-89 ::::: STAGE 1

N = >140/>90 ::::: STAGE 2

N = >180/120 ::::: HYPERTENSIVE CRISIS:

STAGES OF HYPERTENSIVE CRISIS:

URGENCY: No damage to the end organs of the body.

EMERGENCY: Damage to the end organs of the body. This is when blood vessels supplying these organs have ruptured, leaving the end organs with little blood so they start to die.

WHAT TO DO ABOUT HYPERTENSION:

Lifestyle changes: Diet, Exercise, Stress reduction, etc. Where hypertension has already set in, treatment can be done via antihypertensive medication.

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